EarthView team bios, guidelines, and more.

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Busy Week for Geography!

Last week was a busy one for geography education in Massachusetts -- especially on local CBS affiliates!

On Tuesday the 7th, news anchor Paula Ebben dedicated her Eye on Education feature to Family Geography Night that had taken place the previous week at North Andover Middle School.

This award-winning night has been organized by MGA member Robert  Poirier each of the past six years, and in 2011 is was recognized by the Massachusetts Senate for educational excellence. As shown in the video above, many teachers and other volunteers commit their time to an evening of truly engaged learning involving both students and their families.
Then on Thursday evening, MGA members Vernon Domingo and James Hayes-Bohanan visited the studios. They were able to thank Paula Ebbens in person for her support of geography while waiting to go on air with Dan Rea. The two had been on Nightside with Dan Rea once before, and were glad to be back on this program, which is heard throughout eastern North America because of the night-time range of strong AM radio signals.

Be sure to listen to the entire hour (the play button is in a black box just below the program description. The many interesting calls from listeners included one from a graduate of our department now teaching in Florida. Brenda reminded us and the rest of the audience that geography is both a physical science and a social science.

Geography is, in fact, at the intersection of STEM Education and Global Education. This is one reason that geography is a vital discipline for 21st-century learning. It is a subject that informs and enriches understanding of many related fields. Geographers are, in fact, especially well prepared for making interdisciplinary connections.

As Dan Rea made very clear during the discussion, however, we cannot rely on a sprinkling of geography in the courses to substitute for a sound education in geography itself.

The discussion included current efforts toward that end in the Massachusetts Legislature. Thanks to broad, bipartisan, and bicameral effort that includes the Legislature's only geographer, the body is considering An Act Relative to Geography Education. The Joint Committee on Education and Senate Committee on Ways and Means have approved the measure, but it is currently awaiting approval by technical committees. The bill provides an opportunity for Massachusetts to declare its support of geographic literacy through an annual Geography Education Week. More importantly, it would create a fixed-term Geography Commission to examine the ways to improve geography education throughout Massachusetts.
Many legislators have become aware of the gaps in geography education through MGA State House visits with EarthView.

Thursday, October 2, 2014

North Andover -- October 2-3

42° 41' 36" N
71° 07' 15" W
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The EarthView team is delighted to return to North Andover Middle School for the sixth annual Family Geography Night. Our daytime program complements the NAMS geography program, which is among the strongest in the state. During the evening, EarthView is just one part of a rich variety of geography experiences for NAMS students to enjoy with their families. See previous North Andover blog posts for much more about the geography of this community and about this award-winning annual event.

As with all of our EarthView visits, we talked about a lot of different aspects of physical and human geography. We invite students and families to search or browse this blog to find additional resources on many of them. We also invite questions, using the "comments" link below.

One thing we pointed out to many of the visitors was recent news about the shrinking of the Aral Sea. Once the fourth-largest lake in the world, it was dramatically depleted for cotton production, so that cargo ships along its former shorelines now lay on their side in the desert. 

The original shoreline of the Aral Sea is outlined on the now mostly-dry lakebed in this 2013 satellite image. Note the bar scale in the southeast corner of the image: 50km = 31 miles.
From the NASA Earth Observatory Shrinking Aral Sea essay and image collection.
Among the special guests this year were several members of the North Andover School Committee and State Representative Diana DiZoglio, who has attended in previous years and who is one of many sponsors of a bill to promote geography education throughout the state. We also had a special visit from WBZ news anchor Paula Ebben, who takes a special interest in education. After her report on Family Geography Night airs on Tuesday, October 7, we will update this post to include a link to the web version.

News anchor Paula Ebben with Family Geography Night leader Robert Poirier.
On the second day of our visit, Michelle LeBlanc visited from the Leventhal Map Center at Boston Public Library. She is the education director for the center, which houses one of New England's most extraordinary map collections. It is a place every student of geography should visit!


During our visit, part of the team was at a nearby cafe, where our dramatically geographic flag ties drew the attention of a fellow diner. For his benefit and those of the many students who asked, we are reposting a link to our online tie puzzles, which includes information on purchasing one of the ties. Lately, Dr. Domingo has also added some very spiffy globe socks to his wardrobe.

That fellow diner said something very meaningful as we discussed the importance of geographic education:

If we don't have a global view, all we can do is yell and scream at each other.

With a bit more understanding of the world around us -- near and far -- we can do much better than that!

Monday, September 29, 2014

LIFE Bridgewater – September 29

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Let Imagination Fuel Education (LIFE) is a network of home-school families in the Bridgewater area. Students complete most of their schooling within their own homes, but gather once each month at the community building of St. Thomas Aquinas Parish to share enrichment activities.

The EarthView visit was a great opportunity for us to share the world with students of all ages – from pre-school through high school – in a single event, along with many of their parents. The families involved in LIFE pursue a variety of curricula, but there was a common thread of engagement and curiosity about the wider world. As a result, we had great conversations with the students about political, economic, cultural, and environmental geography topics.

One common thread in our discussions is the nature of EarthView itself. It is a primarily a physical globe, that represents biomes – the deserts, forests, grasslands and other naturally-occurring plant communities – at a global scale. It also shows landforms such as mountains – which are shown in a rather cartoonish manner on EarthView – and rivers, lakes, and the continental shelf. Errors are very few, such as the unduly large areas of shallow water shown around many of the world’s islands. 
A lot of our discussion was about Africa -- a continent of 55 or so countries (depending how islands are counted) that is much larger and has much more variety than many in the U.S. realize. It is backward in this image, taken from inside EarthView.
Photo: Andrea Fogarty
See more photos on Flickr.
Seeing the earth from inside and out and without distortions leads to a lot of surprising revelations in comparison to the flat maps and small globes most of us are used to seeing. First, Africa is much bigger than many suppose -- second in size and population only to Asia. Second, the Pacific is just one ocean, and it is huge. On many flat maps, it appears as two separate, small bodies of water around the edges. Third, the oceans -- especially the Pacific -- contain far more islands than most people realize, because they show up as such small dots on standard-sized globes.

All flat maps require projection -- a mathematical process of transforming a spherical shape onto a flat surface. This is called projection because the process can be described as if a light were shining through or from within a globe onto a flat surface, projecting the shapes as onto a screen. One of the most common is the Mercator, which was developed for navigation, but which really gives us mistaken ideas about the shapes of continents, and especially mistaken ideas about the sizes of places far to the north.

The size of northern lands in this image compared to the lands near the equator are quite huge, and getting the sizes right has been one of the great benefits of entering EarthView.

Before dividing into age groups for visits inside EarthView, the entire LIFE group gathered to watch its inflation. Remarkably, once EarthView is attached to its fan, it only takes six minutes to rise from the floor to a height of six meters.
 At this stage of the inflation, we might describe North America as "upside down" but in reality the earth is a sphere that has no real top or bottom. Most globes - like most map projections -- put north on top, but there is no real reason to do so.

Another theme of our visit with the LIFE families was the importance of water. Although 71 percent of the planet is covered with water, many people do not have an adequate supply. This is because 97 percent of the world's water is too salty for most uses by humans, and 2 percent is stored as ice. The 1 percent remaining is distributed much differently than population, and some of it is quite polluted.

The result is that about 1,000,000,000 of the world's people do not have access to clean water. We discussed the story of Katie Spotz, a young woman from Ohio who helped to provide water for a few thousand of those people by rowing a boat all the way across the Atlantic Ocean! See her Row for Water web site, or several posts on the archive edition of this blog.

A final theme we discussed is volcanoes. Of more than 1,500 volcanoes on earth, a majority are found along the tectonic boundaries surrounding the Pacific Ocean. Because of early warning systems, injuries from volcanoes have become relatively rare, but there was a tragic eruption in Japan that killed more than 30 visitors in Japan this week. The Smithsonian Institution Volcano site provides details about all of the world's active volcanoes, including spreadsheets and a Google Earth map layer so that people can do some of their own research and comparisons.

One student asked Dr. Hayes-Bohanan about the most amazing place he has visited, and the immediate answer was part of the Ring of Fire -- Cerro Negro in Nicaragua. See two blog posts about it on his Environmental Geography blog.

Dr. Hayes-Bohanan sliding down Cerro Negro in 2012

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

Florianópolis -- Sept 17-19

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One of many popular views of Florianópolis, also known as Floripa.
Careful readers will notice that this is a first for EarthView. Never before has it appeared in the Southern Hemisphere, nor has it been so far east. It has certainly never been farther from its home base in Bridgewater! EarthView will be appearing in schools in Florianópolis and also at an international conference on planning and development, with over 500 geographers and other professionals.

Former BSU students will be helping with the event, though. Because of exchange programs between Bridgewater State University and the University of the State of Santa Catarina (UDESC), several geographers in Florianópolis have spent a semester in Massachusetts. Most of those students found the snow very interesting, as they had never seen it before in their lives!

Florianópolis is the capital of the state of Santa Catarina, in the far south of Brazil. Most of the city is on a beautiful island, which is one reason BSU students have enjoyed our UDESC exchanges. The main benefit, though, has been the chance to know the hard-working, fun, and friendly geographers of UDESC. Because of a new agreement between the two universities, students from any discipline can now study with BSU in Floripa, or in Bridgewater with UDESC!

Friday, July 4, 2014

Putting the CUP in World Cup

As the EarthView team has been discussing with students all year, the World Cup football (or "soccer" tournament) provides a lot of opportunities to learn about geography. Teams from all over the world have come to Brazil to compete, and they are doing so in about half of the states of that country.

Among the opportunities this has provided for learning about geography, the Rainforest Alliance has created one of the most interesting for its Frog Blog. For each pair of competing teams, a scorecard compares several measures of forest protection, including some statistics related to beverages that come from forests: tea, cocoa, and coffee.

In addition to the scorecard, an article about each pair discusses the kind of forests within the two countries, how well they are protected, and connections to protected forests elsewhere. Browse the entire World Cup Archives, and then explore the rest of the Rainforest Alliance blog to learn more about forest protection throughout the world.

Mapping the Changing Land

Among its other duties, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) maintains topographic maps of the country, mostly at a scale of 1:24,000. These topographic maps are detailed enough to follow even the smallest streams, calculate the slopes of hills, and identify the positions and shapes of buildings. Because most areas have been mapped several times over decades -- and some more than a century -- they are very useful for describing changes in the land and human use of the land.

Blogger/journalists at the Washington Post recently created GIFs of some maps in the Washington DC area, with a link to the entire collection.
Geographers often use their expertise in the interpretation of topographic maps as they work with other professionals to describe the historical development of places. This can be especially useful when examining the environmental history of a site to see if it is likely to contain pollution or other hazards.

Friday, June 13, 2014

Bridgewater Middle School, June 13

41° 59' 21" N
70° 59' 06" W

EarthView is not traveling very far today. In fact, it may be fun to compare the coordinates of today's visit at Bridgewater Middle School with those of EarthView's storage spot at BSU:

41° 59' 17" N
70° 58' 14" W

Which is farther from the equator? Which is farther from the Prime Meridian? Notice that for both locations, both coordinates include 58 or 59 as the measure of minutes. Just as 59 minutes is close to the next hour on a clock, 59 minutes is close to the next degree on the globe. Since both the latitude and longitude are close, this means that both locations are very near a degree confluence, which is what one geographic project calls such locations throughout the world, where the latitude and the longitude are in whole degrees. There is only one such point on land in Massachusetts, with another found in Cape Cod Bay.

The town of Bridgewater has an interesting place in the historical geography of the United States, as it was one of the first examples of western expansion as part of a process eventually associated with Manifest Destiny -- the idea that God had ordained the United States to occupy lands from the Atlantic all the way to the Pacific. The idea was nearly so grandiose in 1649, when Myles Standish met with the Wampanoag chief Massasoit at Sachem Rock to acquire what would eventually be Bridgewater and several other towns. The Plymouth colony had grown beyond its capacity to be sustained near the coast, and therefore expanded westward. The process is described in this fun -- and geographic -- installment of Schoolhouse Rock:

Dr. Hayes-Bohanan's article North Bridgewater -- a.k.a. Brockton provides more details about the origins of the Bridgewaters. It is part of a life-long blogging endeavor he is pursuing with Pamela Hayes-Bohanan, who is a university librarian and a trustee of the Bridgewater Public Library. The blog documents explorations of places all over the United States with the name Bridgewater, and includes a few special items, such as a review of the recent documentary film The Bridgewater Triangle.

Our visit occurs on a Friday the 13th with a full moon, known as a Honey Moon. This is an unusual coincidence that can be expected to occur about once every twenty years. EarthView team member Dr. Hayes-Bohanan's parents actually eloped on a Friday the 13th, but the moon was not full on that July 1962 evening.

Thursday, June 12, 2014

Our Lady's Academy, Waltham -- June 11

42° 24' 35" N
71° 13' 47" W

The EarthView team enjoyed a brief visit to Our Lady's Academy on Wednesday morning, and got to meet all of the school's youngest students. We like the name OLA because it sounds like a friendly greeting in Spanish -- ¡hola!

Picture-within-picture: Mr. DeCoste poses with his sixth graders after a great time inside the world! They wanted to pose in front of North America, which was made possible as EarthView deflated. 

Friday, June 6, 2014

The Silk Internet

The word globalization refers to the ever-increasing connections among places that has resulted from increasing trade and communication. Technologies including containerized transportation and the internet have certainly increased the speed and complexity of global connections.
The fabric that brought worlds together.
As impressive as these technologies are, however, they did not begin the process of globalization. The Silk Road is a five-minute video from TED-Ed that explains how globalization was developing in Asia twenty centuries ago!

More recently and closer to home, the telegraph was an important way of connecting the world in the 1800s. It has been described as the Victorian Internet in a book by Tom Standage, who described the geography of telegraphs in an interview on All Things Considered.

Tantasqua Regional Jr. High School, Fiskdale -- June 6th

42° 09' 24" N
72° 07' 44" W

Tantasqua Junior High School

Today, Earth View returns to Tantasqua Regional Junior High School in  Fiskdale, MA. Last month the students of this school finished taking their yearly MCAS tests and are ready to explore the world with some EarthView fun!

To learn more about this school and its upcoming events, feel free to visit the Tantasqua website.

Each year the Tantasqua visit is a special one for EarthView, because it is the school where the Globe Lady became a geography teacher! She started there as a French teacher (her native language is French) but in the 1980s attended a special summer institute at National Geographic, and began her transformation into the fabulous and fabled geography educator we now know and love!

Because the Tantasqua students have been studying Latin America recently, the Globe Lady is rocking her Chichen Itza, Maravilla del Mundo (Marvel of the World) shirt and hat today, and discussing the exploits of EarthView team members in Mexico, Peru, Nicaragua and Brazil.

D-Day, World War 2, the invasion of Normandy, France.
Our June 6 visit takes place on the 70th anniversary of D-Day, also known as the Normandy Invasion. Over 160,000 troops from the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and France itself assembled off
 the coast of Normandy overnight and landed on several beaches, including the famous one known as Omaha.  The landing made way for

Map courtesy of Blue Ox.

Other June 6 anniversaries:

1971- The Soyuz 11 was launched into space and docked at Salyut orbital space station the next day.
1978- "20/20" TV premiere date.
This is also Memorial Day in Korea, where the nation pays tribute to the fallen soldiers with a ceremony held at the National Cemetery in Seoul.

The Soyuz 11 From the USSR  was launched into space and docked at Salyut orbital space station the next day.
National Cemetery in Seoul.

Wednesday, June 4, 2014

AP Geography, Cincinnati -- June 4 & 5

39° 05' 53" N
84° 30' 17" W
Learn more about Lat/Long (including how to look them up by address)
Also, compare today's coordinates to those of other recent EarthView outings, near and far!
 It is far west of any of its Massachusetts appearances, for example, but how does it compare to its appearance in Matagalpa, Nicaragua?

EarthView is returning to its roots in the Midwest -- where it was originally made and operated under different names -- on June 4 and 5. It is in Cincinnati as a special event for the educators who are meeting to read ALL of the AP Human Geography exams for the 2014 season. This is an excellent opportunity for geographers from across the United States to be energized by the EarthView experience.

Note: Massachusetts educators interested in the AP Geography program should feel free to contact the EarthView team, which has had substantial involvement in the program.

June 4 is an especially important anniversary in modern political geography. Twenty-five years ago today Lech Walesa was elected president of Poland in the first election in a former Soviet-bloc country on the very same day as the Tiananmen Square massacre in Beijing, China.

Monday, May 19, 2014

Late Spring to Summer

EarthView programs are continuing into the summer, on the following dates. This list is presented primarily for department volunteers and fellow educators who are seeking opportunities to connect with EarthView.

Some of these are regular school programs, since the calendar for K-12 schools extends beyond the university academic year. Some of these are special events, open to the public, but may require registration, so please contact the EarthView team before attending.

May 21- 2:30 -5:30      STEM Resource Fair, BSU
May 30                  Cottage Street School, Sharon
June 4 & 5              In Cincinnati- AP Geography Readers Group
June 6                  Tantasqua Regional Jr. H.S.
June 11, 9:00-11:00     Waltham
June 13                 Bridgewater Middle School
June 20                 Rumney Marsh Academy
July 15, 12:30-2:30     Footbridge Program, BSU
July 21, 2:00-4:00      CASE Extracurricular, BSU
August 16               Brockton Summerfest at Brockton High

Friday, May 16, 2014

Barnstable Intermediate School -- May 16

42° 06' 24" N
71° 09' 58" W 
Learn more about Lat/Long (including how to look them up by address)
Also, compare today's coordinates to those of other recent Earth View outings, near and far!

This is Earth Views second visit to the Barnstable Intermediate School in as many weeks.

Barnstable County
The average high for today is 61 F and the average low is 47 F.
Today's record high temperature is 76 F, record low temperature is 28 F.
Let's hope today's weather is closer to the high than the low!

There are always fun and interesting things to do in the area. Here are some events and activities that are going on this weekend.

Cape Abilities 5k Walk/ Run is happening on Saturday May 17th at the Hyannis Village Green
1st Annual Art in the Garden event is taking place in Aselton Park in Hyannis on Saturday May 17th and Sunday May 18th.
Natural History Museum in Brewster's Gills Club is meeting on Saturday.  The Gills Club is open to all ages 8 to 108 who have a love for sharks.
Here is a link to more fun and interesting things to do on Cape Cod at anytime!

Interesting facts about today:
1954 Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox went 8 for 9 with 7 RBI's in a double header
1965 SpaghettiO's were created by Franco-American Company

Spaghettio's 1965
Happy Birthday if today is your special day.  Here are some people who you share your day with.
Lynn Collins-Actress-X-Men Origins: Wolverine, John Carter
Megan Fox-Actress-Transformers,
Janet Jackson-Singer
Pierce Brosnan-Actor-"007" The World is not enough, Tomorrow Never Dies, Golden Eye
Joseph Morgan-Actor-The Vampire Diaries, The Originals
Tori Spelling-Actress-Beverly Hills, 90210, The Mystery Girls
Tracey Gold-Actress-Growing Pains
Thomas Brodie-Sangster-Phineas and Ferb
Stanislav Ianevski-Actor-Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
John Salley-former NBA player/Actor-Bad Boys II
David Boreanaz-Actor-Bones, Angel, Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Kelly Hyland-Reality TV-Dance Moms
Ashley Wagner-Olympic Athlete-Figure Skating

Thursday, May 8, 2014

Barnstable Intermediate -- May 9

42°06' 24" N
71°09' 58" W
Learn more about Lat/Long (including how to look them up by address)
Also, compare today's coordinates to those of other recent EarthView outings, near and far!

Barnstable Intermediate is in the village of Hyannis, which is part of Barnstable 

Hyannis is known as the location for ferries connecting Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard to the mainland. It is even better known as the home of the Kennedy family. A museum dedicated to President Kennedy and the entire family is located just down Main Street from the Intermediate School.

Barnstable Quick Facts
Population:                                                45,193 
Land area in square miles:                     59.81
Persons per square mile:                        775.7
Established 1639
Barnstable became a city in the year  1989.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment 

as of October 15, 2008

 Democratic 8,242 -- 25% 
Republican 5,836-- 18% 
Unaffiliated 18,073-- 56% 
Minor Parties 235 -- 1%
Total   32,386

Because students at Barnstable Intermediate had been studying the Amazon basin and rain forest earlier in the year -- and since our visit is taking place on Dr. Hayes-Boh's wedding anniversary, we pointed out the location in the center of the basin where the Amazon River officially begins: the confluence of the Rio Negro and the Rio Solimões at Manaus, which is known as the Wedding of the Waters. Dr. Hayes-Boh saw the "wedding" on his way to Rondonia during his first trip to Brazil.
The Ring of Fire is a popular theme to explore in EarthView because it is a great way to see the active areas around the Pacific Ocean all at once. At the time of our visit, the latest major activity on the Ring of Fire was a 6.4-magnitude earthquake in Mexico.

Image: USGS Earthquake Center
Notice that the lat/long are in decimal degrees, as are many online maps
A good classroom exercise is to convert to degree-minute-second
The 6.4 magnitude earth quake happened on May 8th around 10:20 in Guerrero, Mexico. The news agencies in Mexico reported that there where no major injuries or damage.  Mexico City is vulnerable to distant earthquakes because much of it sits on top of the muddy sediments of old drained lake beds. The last major earth quake that hit was in 1985, it was a magnitude 8.1. That particular quake killed over 6,000 people and destroyed many buildings in mexico City. Yesterday's earthquake caused a brief period of evacuation from tall buildings, but turned out not to be significant.

Located at the top of 3 of the large tectonic plates, Mexico is also one of the world's biggest areas with active volcanoes. The motion of these crustal plates cause frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions.  Mexico is being carried northeastward by the Cocos plate which lies under the Pacific Ocean. Because oceanic crust is dense, when the Pacific Ocean floor encounters the lighter continental crust of the Mexican landmass, the ocean floor moves beneath the North American plate creating the deep Middle American trench along Mexico's southern coast. Also, as a result of this, the westward moving Mexico landmass slows and crumples which creates the mountain ranges and earthquakes near the southern coast. 

Read more about subduction zone on our 2011 Japan earthquake post.
The last group of the day was a seventh-grade class studying ancient civilizations. Even though the curriculum for this subject is focused on the ancient civilizations around the Mediterranean Sea, students were aware of the ancient civilizations of the "New" World in the Americas, including the Incas, the Maya (who discovered chocolate), and the Aztecs. We discussed Dr. Hayes-Boh's upcoming trip to Machu Picchu later this month -- it is a significant Inca site that was not known to the Spanish until several centuries after they colonized Peru.

It is difficult to imagine that such a remarkable feature was not known beyond its immediate neighborhood until the late 1800s.

Image: Destination Machu Picchu

Wednesday, May 7, 2014

World Geography and Culture Night Horace Mann Middle School: Franklin, Ma. May 8

42° 05' 28" N
71° 24' 22" W 

Learn more about Lat/Long (including how to look them up by address)
Also, compare today's coordinates to those of other recent EarthView outings, near and far!

We are excited to back again at Horace Mann Middle School for another World Geography and Culture Night! This is a great opportunity for students and parents to travel to different stations within the school and learn more about different cultures from around the globe as well as geography facts.

Horace Mann served as a politician in the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1827 to 1833. He served in the Massachusetts Senate from 1834 to 1837. In 1848, after serving as Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education since its creation, he was elected to the US House of Representatives. Mann was a huge advocate for educate and learning. So it is very fitting to have an event like the World Geography and Culture Night held at the Horace Mann Middle School. Horace Mann was also well known for helping establishing and building many public schools in the area. 

Horace Mann also founded the first school in the United States built for the purpose of training teachers. Known as Bridgewater Normal School, it is now known as Bridgewater State University, which is the home of EarthView. An ornate auditorium at BSU is named in his honor. Horace Mann shares a birthday with EarthView team member Dr. Hayes-Bohanan.

Friday, May 2, 2014

Oak Ridge School, Sandwich -- May 2

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area of east sandwich:
Area7.568 sq miles

Oak Ridge School's website

This day in history:
In 1878 the United States stopped minting 20 cent coin. 
In 1946 Prisoners revolted at Alcatraz and  5 people died. 
In 1946 The "Battle of Alcatraz" took place which killed two guards and three inmates.
In 1949 Arthur Miller won the  Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman". 
In 1952 the 1st scheduled jet airliner passenger service began with a BOAC Comet.

View Larger Map

Population Over Time
Total Population
Total Population
Total Population
Median Age
In 2012, according to the American Community Survey, East Sandwich, Massachusetts:
  • Had 279% more residents than the median city population (1,080)
  • Had a relatively old population, 9.30 years higher than the typical city's median age (39.90)

More information about East Sandwich can be found at: